Since May 2011 the streets of Santiago de Chile have been filled with marching students, schools and universities have been occupied and classes have ceased for weeks at a time. These are only the latest in a series of protests that have caused the intermittent paralysis of the Chilean education system since 2006. The Piñera government has responded by allocated further public money for spending on education in each of the last budgets. The students’ demands however, go far beyond this. They argue that Chilean education system is a relic of the Pinochet regime: it was implemented without democratic participation during a period of institutionalized human rights violations. It has created one of the most expensive and unequal education systems in the world. This paper examines repercussions the economic and social policy implemented during the dictatorship and maintained following the transition to democracy. It questions whether educational policy in Chile conforms to its obligations under international human rights law, to respect, protect and fulfill the right to education and argues that the transitional justice framework could prove useful in the struggle for educational and social justice in Chile.
The full article “The Legacy of Dictatorship and Persistent Socio-Economic Inequalities in Chile’s Educational Policy,” written by Aisling Walsh was just published in Volume 4 the “Spanish Edition” of Aigne: the online postgraduate journal of the College of Arts, Celtic Studies and Social Sciences 2013. This article is the result of reseach carried out as part of the LLM in Economic, Social and Cultural Rights at the Irish Centre for Human Rights during 2011/2012.
For a link to the full article or to download the PDF go to: http://www.ucc.ie/en/aigne/issues/